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Brothers Grimm

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Biographical milestones

The lifetime of Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is characterised by many stages; for a large portion of the path, the brothers are very closely associated, intermittently also with sister Lotte and "painter brother" Ludwig Emil.

Hanau
1785: Jacob Grimm is born on January 4 as the son of the court chancery solicitor and town clerk Philipp Wilhelm Grimm and his wife Dorothea Grimm, nee Zimmer.
1786: on February 24 Wilhelm Grimm is born.

1790: on March 14 Ludwig Emil Grimm is born.

Steinau
1791: Relocation of the Grimm family from Hanau to Steinau, where the father takes up the office of district magistrate for Steinau and Schlüchtern.
1793: The only sister of the brothers, Charlotte Grimm, is born on May 10.
1796: Death of the father Philipp Wilhelm Grimm.

Kassel
1798: Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm move to Kassel in order to attend the Lyceum Fridericianum.

Marburg
1802: Jacob takes up the study of law in Marburg.
1803: Wilhelm follows his brother to Marburg in order to likewise study law.

Kassel
1803: Ludwig Emil Grimm is a pupil at the Lyceum Fridericianum in Kassel.
1805: Dorothea Grimm moves with the younger children from Steinau to Kassel; Ludwig Emil Grimm studies at the academy in Kassel.
1806: Jacob becomes secretary at the Hessian War College in Kassel; Wilhelm passes the legal examination in Marburg.
1807: Jacob leaves his office, Kassel becomes the capital city of the newly-created "Kingdom of Westphalia" under the regency of Jérôme Bonaparte, the brother of Napoleon.

1808: Mother Dorothea Grimm dies; Jacob becomes royal librarian for Jérôme.
1809: Jacob becomes Privy Council Auditor in the government of Jérôme; Ludwig Emil takes up his studies at the newly-founded Academy of Arts in Munich.
1812: The first edition of the "Children's and Household Tales", collected and edited by the two brothers, is published.
1813: The Era Jérôme is at an end, the Electorate of Hessen is restored. Jacob is Legation Secretary and travels to France.

1814: Wilhelm is library secretary in Kassel; Jacob fulfills diplomatic functions in Vienna and Paris.
1815: Jacob participates at the Viennese Congress.
1816: Jacob is librarian at the Prince Elector's library in Kassel.
1819: Marburg University bestows the honorary doctor degree on Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm.
1822: Sister Charlotte Grimm marries the future Hessian minister Ludwig Hassenpflug.
1825: Wilhelm marries the apothecary daughter Dorothea Wild; Ludwig Emil establishes the Willingshäuser painter colony together with Gerhardt Wilhelm von Reutern.
1828: Wilhelm's son Herman is born.
1829: Jacob and Wilhelm receive an offer at the University Göttingen.

Göttingen
1830: Jacob is librarian and Professor in Göttingen, Wilhelm is likewise installed as librarian.
1831: Wilhelm is made Extraordinary Professor.
1832: Ludwig Emil receives a position as professor and teacher of the historical painting class at the "Academy of Visual Arts" in Kassel.
1833: Sister Charlotte dies.
1835: Wilhelm becomes full professor.
1837: Jacob and Wilhelm participate in the protest of the "Göttingen Seven" against the violation of the constitution by the new king Ernst August in Hannover and are therefore discharged from the civil service; Jacob returns to Kassel.

Kassel
1838: Wilhelm also withdraws to Kassel; beginning of the work on the "German Dictionary".
1840: Jacob and Wilhelm receive an offer at the Academy of Humanities in Berlin.

Berlin
1841: The brothers move from Kassel to Berlin.
1842: Jacob is distinguished with the Prussian medal "Pour le Mérite"
1846: Jacob assumes the chairmanship of the Germanist Assembly in Frankfurt.
1847: The Germanist Assembly in Lübeck is likewise conducted under Jacob's chairmanship.
1848: Jacob is representative to the first German National Assembly in the Frankfurt St. Paul's Church; he resigns his teaching position.
1852: Wilhelm resigns his teaching position.
1859: Wilhelm dies in Berlin on December 16, he is interred in the Matthew Community Cemetery Berlin.
1863: Ludwig Emil dies on April 4 in Kassel. He is buried in the Kassel Main Cemetery.
1863: Jacob dies in Berlin on September 20. He is buried in the same cemetery in Berlin where his brother Wilhelm also rests.

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